See Article History Alternative Titles: Besides the 48 conterminous states that occupy the middle latitudes of the continent, the United States includes the state of Alaskaat the northwestern extreme of North America, and the island state of Hawaiiin the mid-Pacific Ocean. The conterminous states are bounded on the north by Canadaon the east by the Atlantic Oceanon the south by the Gulf of Mexico and Mexicoand on the west by the Pacific Ocean. The United States is the fourth largest country in the world in area after RussiaCanada, and China.
History of immigration to the United States Immigrants on ocean steamer passing the Statue of Liberty, New York City, American immigration history can be viewed in four epochs: Each period brought distinct national groups, races and ethnicities to the United States.
During the 17th century, approximatelyEnglish people migrated to Colonial America. From to betweenimmigrated. Only 45, English supposedly immigrated in the period to on Butler, Becoming America, The Revolution before, p. Over half of all European immigrants to Colonial America during the 17th and 18th centuries arrived as indentured servants.
The midth century saw an influx mainly from northern Europe from the same major ethnic groups as for the Colonial Period but with large numbers of Catholic Irish and Scandinavians added to the mix; the late 19th and early 20th-century immigrants were mainly from Southern and Eastern Europe, but there were also several million immigrants from Canada; post most came from Latin America and Asia.
Historians estimate that fewer than 1 million immigrants moved to the United States from Europe between and Afterimmigration gradually increased. From toover 30 million Europeans migrated to the United States.
In the late s, immigration from other Asian countriesespecially to the West Coast, became more common. The peak year of European immigration was inwhen 1, persons entered the country. The Act was aimed at further restricting immigrants from Southern and Eastern Europe, particularly Jews, Italians, and Slavs, who had begun to enter the country in large numbers beginning in the s, and consolidated the prohibition of Asian immigration.
The welfare system was practically non-existent before the s and the economic pressures on the poor were giving rise to child labor. Immigration patterns of the s were affected by the Great Depression. In the final prosperous year,there wereimmigrants recorded,  but inonly 23, moved to the U.
Under the proposed bill, the present level of immigration remains substantially the same. Secondly, the ethnic mix of this country will not be upset. Contrary to the charges in some quarters, [the bill] will not inundate America with immigrants from any one country or area, or the most populated and deprived nations of Africa and Asia.
In the final analysis, the ethnic pattern of immigration under the proposed measure is not expected to change as sharply as the critics seem to think. By equalizing immigration policies, the act resulted in new immigration from non-European nations, which changed the ethnic make-up of the United States.
In NovemberCalifornia voters passed Proposition amending the state constitution, denying state financial aid to illegal immigrants. The federal courts voided this change, ruling that it violated the federal constitution.Is the United States “a nation of immigrants,” a “land of opportunity,” and refuge for the world’s persecuted and poor?
Is the country made stronger by its ability to welcome and absorb people from around the world? Section 1. Purpose. Interior enforcement of our Nation’s immigration laws is critically important to the national security and public safety of the United States.
Many aliens who illegally enter. Data from the Census Bureau shows that million immigrants (both legal and illegal) now live in the United States. This Backgrounder provides a detailed picture of immigrants, also referred to as the foreign-born, living in the United States by country of birth and state.
It also examines the progress immigrants make over time. Custom Search Country Studies Index. Source: U.S.
Department of StateU.S. Department of State. Data from the Census Bureau shows that million immigrants (both legal and illegal) now live in the United States.
This Backgrounder provides a detailed picture of immigrants, also referred to as the foreign-born, living in the United States by country of birth and state. It also examines the progress immigrants make over time. The Refugee Cash Assistance (RCA) program is a new federal fund that offers up to 8 months of cash assistance to refugees who come to the United States with assets totaling under $1,, and who fail to qualify for TANF or SSI.