Nature and Characteristics 1. Communication involves at least two persons: Communication involves at least two persons-the sender and the receiver.
It is difficult to maintain the secrecy. Flow of Information Can move freely. Definition of Formal Communication The communication in which the flow of information is already defined is termed as Formal Communication.
In general, this type of communication is used exclusively in the workplace, and the employees are bound to follow it while performing their duties.
Requests, commands, orders, reports etc. The formal communication is of four types: The communication in which the flow of information goes from subordinate to superior authority. The communication in which the flow of information goes from superior to subordinate.
Informal communication characteristics communication between two employees of different departments working at the same level. The communication between the employees of two different departments working at different levels.
Definition of Informal Communication The communication which does not follow any pre-defined channel for the transmission of information is known as informal communication. This type of communication moves freely in all directions, and thus, it is very quick and rapid.
Sharing of feelings, casual discussion, gossips, etc. The informal communication is of four types: Single Strand Chain Cluster Chain: Cluster Chain Probability Chain: The communication happens when a person randomly chooses some persons to pass on the information which is of little interest but not important.
Probability Chain Gossip Chain: Gossip Chain Key Differences Between Formal and Informal Communication The following points are substantial, so far as the difference between formal and informal communication is concerned.
Formal communication is also known by the name of official communication. Informal Communication is also known by the name of grapevine.
In formal communication, the information must follow a chain of command. Conversely, the informal communication can move freely in any direction.
In formal communication, full secrecy is maintained, but in the case of informal communication maintenance of secrecy is a very tough task. Formal communication is written, whereas Informal communication is oral. Formal communication is time-consuming as opposed to Informal communication, which is rapid and quick.Characteristics of Formal Communication The communication which follows established systems, rules, regulation, procedures or any other prescribed ways and means are known as formal communication.
Definition of informal communication: A casual form of information sharing typically used in personal conversations with friends or family members.
Informal communication is a loosely defined concept and is often treated as the residual category in organizational theory.
According to this perspective, informal. Informal Communication Definition: The Informal Communication is the casual and unofficial form of communication wherein the information is exchanged spontaneously between two or more persons without conforming the prescribed official rules, processes, system, formalities and chain of command.
Following are the main characteristics of informal organisation: (1) Based on Formal Organisation: This is based on formal organisation where people also have informal relations. (It means first. Communication is a two-way process, that is, a feedback from the receiver to the sender is an essential component of communication.
Communication is a dynamic process, that is, it grows and develops. Communication is systematic, that is, every component of the .