Panoramic view of the ancient theatre at Epidaurus. The classical Greek valued the power of spoken word, and it was their main method of communication and storytelling. Bahn and Bahn write, "To Greeks the spoken word was a living thing and infinitely preferable to the dead symbols of a written language.
Its everywhere in our daily lives—sometimes elegant, other times shabby, but generally ubiquitous. How often do we stop to examine and contemplate its form and style? Architectural tradition and design has the ability to link disparate cultures together over time and space—and this is certainly true of the legacy of architectural forms created by the ancient Greeks.
The Erechtheion, B. Greek architecture stretches from c.
Greek architecture influenced Roman architecture and architects in profound ways, such that Roman Imperial architecture adopts and incorporates many Greek elements into its own practice.
An overview of basic building typologies demonstrates the range and diversity of Greek architecture. The basic form of the naos emerges as early as the tenth century B. This basic form remained unchanged in its concept for centuries.
In the eighth century B. During the Archaic period the tenets of the Doric order of architecture in the Greek mainland became firmly established, leading to a wave of monumental temple building during the sixth and fifth centuries B.
Greek city-states invested substantial resources in temple building—as they competed with each other not just in strategic and economic terms, but also in their architecture.
Perhaps the fullest, and most famous, expression of Classical Greek temple architecture is the Periclean Parthenon of Athens—a Doric order structure, the Parthenon represents the maturity of the Greek classical form.
A prostyle temple is a temple that has columns only at the front, while an amphiprostyle temple has columns at the front and the rear. Dipteral temples simply have a double row of columns surrounding the building.
One of the more unusual plans is the tholos, a temple with a circular ground plan; famous examples are attested at the sanctuary of Apollo in Delphi and the sanctuary of Asclepius at Epidauros.
Early examples, often employing the Doric order, were usually composed of a single level, although later examples Hellenistic and Roman came to be two-story freestanding structures. These later examples allowed interior space for shops or other rooms and often incorporated the Ionic order for interior colonnades.
American School of Classical Studies, Digital Collections Greek city planners came to prefer the stoa as a device for framing the agora public market place of a city or town.
The South Stoa constructed as part of the sanctuary of Hera on the island of Samos c. Many cities, particularly Athens and Corinth, came to have elaborate and famous stoas. View of 20th century reconstruction of the Stoa of Attalos, Agora, Athens original c.
At Corinth the stoa persisted as an architectural type well into the Roman period; the South Stoa there abovec. From the Hellenistic period onwards the stoa also lent its name to a philosophical school, as Zeno of Citium c.
Theater View of the theatre at the Sanctuary of Asklepios at Epidaurus, c. Theatre at the Sanctuary of Asclepius at Epidaurus, c. Theaters often took advantage of hillsides and naturally sloping terrain and, in general, utilized the panoramic landscape as the backdrop to the stage itself.
The Greek theater is composed of the seating area theatrona circular space for the chorus to perform orchestraand the stage skene.
Tiered seats in the theatron provided space for spectators. Two side aisles parados, pl. The Greek theater inspired the Roman version of the theater directly, although the Romans introduced some modifications to the concept of theater architecture.
In many cases the Romans converted pre-existing Greek theaters to conform to their own architectural ideals, as is evident in the Theater of Dionysos on the slopes of the Athenian Acropolis. Since theatrical performances were often linked to sacred festivals, it is not uncommon to find theaters associated directly with sanctuaries.
These select representatives assembled to handle public affairs and represent the citizenry of the polis in ancient Athens the boule was comprised of members. House Greek houses of the Archaic and Classical periods were relatively simple in design. Houses usually were centered on a courtyard that would have been the scene for various ritual activities; the courtyard also provided natural light for the often small houses.
The ground floor rooms would have included kitchen and storage rooms, perhaps an animal pen and a latrine; the chief room was the andron— site of the male-dominated drinking party symposion. Perseus Digital Library uncommon for houses to be attached to workshops or shops. The houses excavated in the southwest part of the Athenian Agora had walls of mud brick that rested on stone socles and tiled roofs, with floors of beaten clay.
The city of Olynthus in Chalcidice, Greece, destroyed by military action in B. While some rooms were fairly plain, with earthen floors, the andron was the most well-appointed room of the house.
While these massive Bronze Age walls are difficult to best, first millennium B.The architecture of Ancient Greece is the architecture produced by the Greek-speaking people (Hellenic people) whose culture flourished on the Greek mainland and Peloponnesus, the Aegean Islands, and in colonies in Asia Minor and Italy for a period from about BC until the 1st century AD, with the earliest remaining architectural works dating from around BC.
Athens National Archaeological Museum. The ancient statues reveal themselves in new light with every visit. The National Museum of Athens is the most important musuem, not to be missed if you want to appreciate the beauty and scope of Greek Art.
The Parthenon. At the approximate position where the Parthenon was built later, the Athenians began the construction of a building that was burned by the Persians while it .
A ncient Greek theatre has been fascinating millions of people. Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides, Aristophanes and others, have been the teachers of morality, nobleness, courage and patriotism across the .
Of the playwrights who wrote for the theatre of ancient Greece, not all of them are known leslutinsduphoenix.com following list is therefore incomplete. Tragedies. Chos (~ BC); Aeschylus (c.
– BC). The Persians ( BC); Seven Against Thebes ( BC); The Suppliants ( BC); The Oresteia ( BC, a trilogy comprising Agamemnon, The Libation Bearers and The Eumenides.). Nudity in Ancient to Modern Cultures. Aileen Goodson (This chapter excerpt is from Aileen Goodson's Therapy, Nudity & Joy) "If anything is sacred, the human body is sacred".