An analysis of the canadian fur trade

James as a trading post for the North West Company, opening up a new social and economic core for the fur-trade district.

An analysis of the canadian fur trade

Member Login

Weights are based on the trade in these types of furs at Fort Albany. Prices of the individual types of pelts are not available for the years, to Carlos and Lewis, King also included a second category, caps of all sorts, for which he estimated consumption at 1.

This means that as early asthe potential market for hats in England alone was nearly 5 million per year. Over the next century, the rising demand for beaver pelts was a result of a number factors including population growth, a greater export market, a shift toward beaver hats from hats made of other materials, and a shift from caps to hats.

The British export data indicate that demand for beaver hats was growing not just in England, but in Europe as well. In a modest 69, beaver hats were exported from England and almost the same number of felt hats; but byslightly overbeaver hats andfelt halts were shipped from English ports Lawson,app.

In total, over the seventy years to21 million beaver and felt hats were exported from England. In addition to the final product, England exported the raw material, beaver pelts.

The hats and the pelts tended to go to different parts of Europe. Raw pelts were shipped mainly to northern Europe, including Germany, Flanders, Holland and Russia; whereas hats went to the southern European markets of Spain and Portugal.

European Intermediaries in the Fur Trade By the eighteenth century, the demand for furs in Europe was being met mainly by exports from North America with intermediaries playing an essential role. The American trade, which moved along the main water systems, was organized largely through chartered companies.

It operated through the St. Lawrence River and in the region of the eastern Great Lakes. The structure of the English company allowed for more control from the London head office, but required systems that could monitor the managers of the trading posts Carlos and Nicholas, The leasing and licensing arrangements of the French made monitoring unnecessary, but led to a system where the center had little influence over the conduct of the trade.

The French and English were distinguished as well by how they interacted with the Natives. The French, by contrast, moved into the interior, directly trading with the Indians who harvested the furs. The French arrangement was more conducive to expansion, and by the end of the seventeenth century, they had moved beyond the St.

Lawrence and Ottawa rivers into the western Great Lakes region see Figure 1. Later they established posts in the heart of the Hudson Bay hinterland.

Canada’s Fur Trade: Fact & Figures - Fur Institute of Canada Fur Institute of Canada

In addition, the French explored the river systems to the south, setting up a post at the mouth of the Mississippi. The English takeover of New France at the end of the French and Indian Wars in did not, at first, fundamentally change the structure of the trade.

Rather, French management was replaced by Scottish and English merchants operating in Montreal. But, within a decade, the Montreal trade was reorganized into partnerships between merchants in Montreal and traders who wintered in the interior.

Over the next decades treaties were signed with many of the northern tribes forever changing the old fur trade order in Canada.

An analysis of the canadian fur trade

The Supply of Furs: The Harvesting of Beaver and Depletion During the eighteenth century, the changing technology of felt production and the growing demand for felt hats were met by attempts to increase the supply of furs, especially the supply of beaver pelts.French Canadian Voyageurs were the main labour force for the fur trade of New France.

They paddled the canoes, and carried the supplies and fur bales over the portages for the fur trading companies. When the French king made laws forbidding trading by anyone except the monopoly company, many young men broke the law, and moved out into .

Related to the history of the Canadian fur trade, this lesson identifies the fur-bearing animals commonly hunted and trapped throughout Canadian history. From both an historic and contemporary perspective, students inves-tigate animals commonly associated with the fur trade industry and explore how they feel about the fur trade .

Canadian Fur Trade The Canadian fur trade, which grew out of the fishing industry, began as a small business, but would expand and become not only the exploiter of a primary Canadian resource, but the industry around which the country of Canada itself developed.

The fur trade started shortl. An Analysis of the Canadian Fur Trade. 1, words. 3 pages. An Introduction to Canadian Fur Trade by Michael Bell. 2, words.

The Beginnings of the Fur Trade

6 pages. The Importance of Fur Trade for Canada's Economic Growth.

An analysis of the canadian fur trade

2, words. 6 pages.

The Demand for Fur: Hats, Pelts and Prices

An Introduction to the Canadian Fur Trade. 2, words. 6 pages. The Fur Trade Museum, in Lachine, housed in a stone fur warehouse built in by North West Company stockholder Alexander Gordon, is an excellent place to learn about Montreal’s fur-trade history.

Four hundred years following its start, the commercial fur trade continues to use a plentiful Canadian resource in a sustainable and responsible manner and is an important contributor to Canada’s economy and ecology.

Economics. Canada’s fur trade contributes nearly $1 billion to the Canadian economy annually 1.

The Country that Fur Built: Canada's Fur Trade History