The first two questions face anyone who cares to distinguish the real from the unreal and the true from the false. The third question faces anyone who makes any decisions at all, and even not deciding is itself a decision.
You can read four articles free per month. To have complete access to the thousands of philosophy articles on this site, please Articles Life After Death Reincarnation? Human beings are the only animals on earth who understand they will one day die.
This tends not to be knowledge they relish.
People throughout history have sought eternal life, most recently pinning this hope on science. But more common than the hope that death can be postponed forever is the hope that life will continue after death. The belief in life after death comes in all shapes and sizes. We can distinguish, for instance, between views involving continued existence in a physical body, and those in which survival takes place outside the body.
The first category includes reincarnation, and the Judeo-Christian and Islamic doctrine that God will resurrect our bodies at some future time.
Survival outside the physical body is variously conceived as survival in a non-physical body an astral or ghost bodyor survival as a disembodied mind. These conceptions of life after death have in common the fact that the individual person survives in some sense. Another belief is in impersonal survival.
Some strains of Buddhism, for instance, hold that the individual mind merges back into a universal mind. And contrasting with all these views is the belief that with death we cease to exist in any sense.
The Case for Survival The question of whether we survive death is one of the big questions of human life. In this article, I explore some of the arguments and evidence for and against survival. I begin with the case for. Empirical Evidence for Life after Death Some of the most convincing evidence for life after death comes from the many stories and reports of paranormal phenomena.
Among these allegedly paranormal occurrences are out-of-body experiences, near-death experiences, ghost sightings, mediums communicating with the dead, and memories of past lives. Such occurrences, if they were what they appear to be, would constitute empirical proof for the belief we survive death although note that they would not show that we necessarily survive forever.
So, how good is the evidence for paranormal phenomena?
Contrary to the impression the popular media sometimes gives, the evidence is not great. Much of it is easily explained in naturalistic terms. For example, although there are no reasonable grounds to doubt that people sometimes have outof- body experiences and near-death experiences, these experiences are plausibly explained in physiological and psychological terms.
Similarly, memories of past lives may be false memories, and ghost sightings misinterpretations of ambiguous stimuli. These possibilities do not in themselves prove that supernatural explanations are not called for. Nonetheless, wherever there is a plausible alternative explanation for a piece of evidence, we must at least concede that that evidence cannot justify a strong belief in a supernatural explanation.
Moreover, some evidence actively undermines the credibility of paranormal explanations. For instance, mediums have been able to contact people who, unknown to them, were fictional or still alive.
But not all alleged paranormal occurrences can be explained in naturalistic terms.Published: Mon, 5 Dec The mind-body problem has been a much discussed issue in the Philosophy of Mind.
All those who undertake any study in consciousness, .
The survival of human consciousness: essays on the possibility of life after death / edited by Lance Storm and Michael A. Thalbourne ; foreword by James Houran. Evidence for the survival of personal consciousness after bodily death is sought throughout the several succeeding chapters on: science, near-death experiences, after-death communications, visitations, reincarnation (including past life regressions), remote viewing, and intelligent design.
Both religious and secular believers are more frequently using empirical research to answer the key questions of how consciousness may transcend corporeal life and death. These essays from leading survival theoreticians scientifically assay the issues and evidence.
Results for 'survival of bodily death' (try it on Scholar) + found. The Survival of Human Consciousness: Essays on the Possibility of Life After Death. William James’s historic fascination with psychic phenomena, including the possibility of life after death, has become more widely known with the publication of recent books and.
1. Survival and its Alternatives. In ancient Western philosophy, Plato affirmed both a pre-natal life of the soul and the soul’s continued life after the death of the body.